Energy Policy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the Heart of Africa


The Congo is the lifeline of the DRC, it cuts the landscape, it is an excellent source of energy.

The Democratic Republic of Congo was explored in the book ‘Heart of Darkness‘, where the narrative focused on the mysticism of the Congo and the extraordinary size of the African continent. The immensity of Africa came to the fore, as well as the importance of the Congo as a giant body of water flowing through the interior of the African continent. The book gives an impression which energetic potential slumbers in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a potential must be nourished, in order for it to appear. 

Water shapes the natural landscape of the Congo, water is the most important energy resource of the Congo.

Water is the element that defines the Congo and makes the heart of Africa pound. Water shapes the landscape, creating an opening in this vast landscape where transporters and crowds of people are struggling to reach the population islands in the interior of the country. Upstream from the Inga dam, the Congo becomes calmer. It slows down its rhythm, its pulse becomes calmer. The river slumbers. But where the Inga dam is to be built, it is a frightening rapids. A hydroelectric power plant at this point in the Congo can develop the energy of the equivalent of 20 nuclear power plants and thus supply virtually the entire South African region. The idea is to connect the Inga dam with other African regions through a high-voltage grid. This would make the Democratic Republic of Congo Africa’s leading electricity exporter. But even near a dam with a waterworks that could generate the electricity, there is a great need to meet the electricity needs of one of the fastest growing cities in the world, Kinshasa.

An enormous potential of solar energy, enabling the decentralization of the power grid of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Due to the geographical location of the Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa, it is possible to use the sun’s intensity near the equator to generate electricity from solar energy. The advantage is obvious, the solar panels can be set up decentrally in all urban and rural agglomerations. An essential advantage for areas that are separated from the waterways and tributaries of the Congo and are difficult to reach. It offers the possibility to build up a decentralized power grid without being connected to a nationwide power grid.

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